Vol: 42, No.34 THE MOST HOLY TRINITY ( B) May 31 2015  

Today is the Trinity Sunday. Tertullian (d. 225 A.D.) invented the word “Trinity” which has become a characteristic feature of Christian theology since his time. The Old Testament condemns polytheism and declares that God is one and is to be worshipped and loved as such. Though the Jews were monotheistic, there are indications in the Old Testament that God was not regarded as rigidly one. An expression such as ‘the Lord of hosts’ implies that God is not alone. Another one, the ‘armies of heaven’ or the ‘sons of God’ show that God has agents. There are also other personifications of God that can be discerned in the Old Testament. These are a) Wisdom of God, b) The Word of God, c) The Spirit of God. In the Wisdom literature the attribute of divine wisdom is treated as if it were a person with an existence apart, yet dependent upon God. Wisdom (who is always treated as female, incidentally) is portrayed as active in creation. The Old Testament treats the Word of God as an entity with an existence independent of God, yet originating with God. The Word of God is portrayed as going forth into the world to confront men and women with the will and purpose of God, bringing guidance, judgement and salvation. The OT uses the phrase “the spirit of God” to refer to God’s presence and power within the creation. The spirit is portrayed as being present in the expected Messiah, and as being the agent of a new creation which will arise when the old order has finally passed away.
An entirely new fact is introduced with the emergence of the New Testament, especially the Gospels, which ultimately led to the development of the doctrine of the Trinity. The Gospel of John announces that the “Word” becomes “flesh” in Jesus of Nazareth (Jn 1:14) and that he, as the resurrected and exalted Lord, sends forth the Spirit. But the New Testament states that through the living, acting, and dying of the Lord, through his rising and his sending of the Spirit, we are given a part in the life of God. The New Testament also insists


on Jesus’ oneness with, and simultaneous distinctness from, his Father (cf. Jn 10:30; 14:9). Jesus is not the Father, but he has received himself, including his sonship, entirely from the Father. It becomes clear that this relationship mirrors the intra-divine life. Through his glorification at Easter, those who are his also become drawn into this relationship; this occurs through the Holy Spirit as the mysterious bearer of the love that has come to perfection between the Father and the Son (Jn 7:37-39). Matthew 28:19 (today’s Gospel) clearly names the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. In this baptismal formula we have clear evidence of an early recognition that the names of the Father, Son and Spirit are inextricably linked.
It is the Church’s teaching that there is one God and three Persons, and that each Person shares the one Being or Godhead with the two other Persons. The Trinity is the epitome for virtuous living. If there is so much of love and unity in the Godhead, can it not be so in Christian living? But lack of love and unity is the order of the day. Couples fight, marriages break-up, children are uncared for, there is lack of caring and concern for the underprivileged and so many vices are there. As we celebrate the Holy Trinity, let us bring in what is lacking in our Christian living. Perhaps the best lesson from the Holy Trinity applies to Marriage. Marriage is a union between two adults in a sacramental bond for the continuation of life in the planet. The success of the marriage depends on the closeness in mind and bodies of the two consenting adults are able to achieve while maintaining their individuality in all aspects of life. The members of the Trinity live a harmonious life while exercising individual works assigned to them, as St Paul says to the Corinthians, “There are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit, and there are varieties of service, but the same Lord; and there are varieties of working, but it is the same God who inspires them all in every one” (1 Cor 12:4-6).

– AK
June 2015 READINGS OF THE WEEK Psalter Week 3
01 Mon (R) St Justin, Tob 1:3; 2:1-8/ Ps 112:1-6/ Mk 12:1-12
02 Tue (R) Sts Marcellinus and Peter, Tob 2:9-14/ Ps 112:1-2, 7-9/ Mk 12:13-17
03 Wed (R) Sts Charles Lwanga & com, Tob 3:1-11,16-17/ Ps 25:2-9/ Mk 12:18-27
04 Thu (G) Tob 6:10-11; 7:1,9-14; 8:4-9/ Ps 128:1-5/ Mk 12:28-34
05 Fri (R) St Boniface Tob 11:5-17/ Ps 146:1b-2, 6-10/ Mk 12:35-37
06 Sat (G) St Norbert, Tob 12:1,5-15,20/ Ps (Tob) 13:2,6-8/ Mk 12:38-44
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